High Altar of the Dominican Church in Frankfurt, Hans Holbein the Elder
Hans Holbein the Elder
High Altar of the Dominican Church in Frankfurt
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This work consists of multiple parts

Hans Holbein the Elder

High Altar of the Dominican Church in Frankfurt, 1501


Gesamtmaß geschlossen
349.0 x 322.0 cm
Gesamtmaß offen
348.5 x 644.0 x 4.1 cm
Predella
76.3 x 277.5 x 5.5 cm
Physical Description
Mixed technique on spruce
Inventory Number
HM 6-20; LG 1
Acquisition
On permanent loan from the Historisches Museum Frankfurt since 1922, Last Supper on permament loan from Katholische Kirchengemeinden in Frankfurt am Main since 1964
Status
On display, 2nd upper level, Old Masters

Texts

About the Work

When the Frankfurt Dominicans needed a new high altar shortly before 1500, they summoned Hans Holbein the Elder from Augsburg along with his assistants. Consisting of a central section probably featuring sculptures, two wings – each painted on both sides – and a predella, the retable they created could be opened out twice. The predella and the paintings revealed by the first opening recounted the Passion from the Entry into Jerusalem to the Resurrection. When the fronts and backs of the wings were separated in the early nineteenth century, the Entombment scene was lost.

Audio

  • 01:01
    Basic information
  • 01:35
    Focus on Frankfurt
  • 01:51
    Focus on art history
  • 01:50
    Focus on material

Work Data

Basic Information

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Creditline
Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Dauerleihgabe des Historischen Museums Frankfurt am Main und der Katholischen Kirchengemeinden in Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
CC BY-SA 4.0 Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Acquisition
On permanent loan from the Historisches Museum Frankfurt since 1922, Last Supper on permament loan from Katholische Kirchengemeinden in Frankfurt am Main since 1964

Work Content

Motifs and References

Genre
Main Motif
Persons Shown
Illustrated Passage
  • siehe Einzeldarstellung

Iconclass

Primary
  • 42G1 family lineage, pedigree, genealogical tree or table
  • 73A21 tree of Jesse: genealogical tree showing Christ's ancestors, sprouting from Jesse's loins
  • 11F4222 Mary sitting or enthroned, the Christ-child sitting on her knee (Christ-child to Mary's left)
  • 11P315(DOMINICANS) monastic orders, monastic life: Dominicans
  • 11H(DOMINIC) Dominic(us) Guzman of Calerueja, founder of the Order of Preachers (or Dominican (Black) Friars; possible attributes: book, dog with flaming torch, lily, loaf of bread, rosary, star
  • 73D314 the arrest of Christ ~ Garden of Gethsemane
  • 73D313 the kiss of Judas: accompanied by soldiers with torches and lanterns, he kisses Christ
  • 73D3142 Malchus is healed by Christ
  • 73D36 Pilate showing Christ to the people, 'Ostentatio Christi', 'Ecce Homo' (John 19:4-6)
  • 45B the soldier; the soldier's life
  • 73D352 the crowning with thorns: soldiers with sticks place a thorny crown on Christ's head and give him a reed (Matthew 27:27-31; Mark 15:16-20; John 19:2-3)
  • 73E12 Christ, usually holding a banner, arises from the grave; often combined with sleeping and/or frightened soldiers
  • 73E23 angel(s) addressing the holy women ~ Resurrection of Christ
  • 73D323 Christ before Pontius Pilate (Matthew 27:11-26; Mark 15:2-15; Luke 23:2-7, 23:13-25; John 18:28 - 19:16)
  • 73D41 carrying of the cross: Christ bearing the cross, alone or with the help of others (e.g. Simon the Cyrenian)
  • 11H(JOHN) the apostle John the Evangelist; possible attributes: book, cauldron, chalice with snake, eagle, palm, scroll
  • 73D351 flagellation by soldiers, Christ usually tied to a column (Matthew 27:26; Mark 15:15; John 19:1)
  • 12A521 high priest ~ hierarchy of priests
  • 73D14 entry into Jerusalem: people spreading their clothes before Christ on the ass, and waving palm branches (Matthew 21:1-11, 21:14-16; Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:28-40; John 12:12-19)
  • 73D15 purification of the temple ('first' and 'second'): Christ driving the money-changers from the temple with a whip (Matthew 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-17; Luke 19:45-46; John 12:12-19)
  • 73D231 Christ washes Peter's feet
  • 73D312 Christ's prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane during the night
  • 73D31211 agony of Christ; three (or eleven) apostles sleeping
  • 11I72(JUDAS ISCARIOT) Judas Iscariot (not in biblical context)
  • 73D242 Judas Iscariot is revealed as Christ's betrayer (communion of Judas)

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Last import

20.05.2020