Two altarpiece wings with the Martyrdom of the Apostles, Stefan Lochner
Stefan Lochner
Two altarpiece wings with the Martyrdom of the Apostles
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This work consists of multiple parts
Related external works


Stefan Lochner: Weltgericht (wahrscheinlich zugehörige Mitteltafel), nach 1435, Mischtechnik auf Eichenholz, 124 x 172 cm, Inv.-Nr. wrm 66, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum & Fondation Corboud, Köln

Stefan Lochner: zwei Flügelbilder, links die hll. Antonius Eremita, Papst Cornelius, Maria Magdalena mit Stifter; rechts die hll. Katharina, Hubertus, Quirinus von Neuss mit Stifter (abgespaltene Flügelaußenseiten), nach 1435, Mischtechnik auf Nussbaumholz, 120 x 80,6 u. 120 x 80,4 cm, Inv.-Nr. WAF 501 u. WAF 502, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Alte Pinakothek, München

Stefan Lochner

Two altarpiece wings with the Martyrdom of the Apostles, after 1435

121 x 163.1 x 8.3 cm
Physical Description
Mixed technique on walnut
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1830
On display, 2nd upper level, Old Masters, room 3


About the Work

Stefan Lochner is fifteenth-century Cologne’s most important painter. These two altarpiece wings were once in the city’s Church of St Lawrence. What were originally their outer sides are now in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich. They probably once formed a retable with the ‘Last Judgement’ at the Cologne Wallraf-Richartz-Museum. The Frankfurt panels testify as much to Lochner’s ingenious staging as to his obsession with realistic detail. In the case of the martyrdoms, he does not shy away even from the depiction of shocking cruelty – one need only consider, for example, the flaying of Bartholomew.

Audio & Video

  • Basic information
  • Focus on material
  • Focus on religion
  • Kunst|Stück – Stefan Lochner: Die Apostelmartyrien
    Sammlungshighlights des Städel Museums in unterhaltsamen und informativen Filmen – das sind die Kunst|Stücke. Entdecken Sie spannende Details zu Kunstwerken aus ungewöhnlichen Blickwinkeln in unter zwei Minuten. Stefan Lochner: Die Apostelmartyrien (um 1435), Städel Museum Frankfurt.

Work Data

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1830

Work Content


  • 73F2165(+31) Peter crucified upside down (+ angel(s) floating in the air)
  • 73F2535 crucifixion of Andrew: he is undressed and tied to the cross
  • 73F2434 beheading of James
  • 73F2351 martyrdom of John in front of the Porta Latina: he is put in a cauldron of boiling oil, but remains unharmed
  • 98B(DOMITIANUS, Titus Flavius) male persons from classical history (DOMITIANUS, Titus Flavius)
  • 73F2642 while hanging on the cross Philip is stoned
  • 73F2742 Bartholomew flayed alive
  • 73F2955 death of Thomas: he is brought out of the city by four soldiers, who kill him with their lances
  • 73F2851 Matthew is slain before an altar by soldiers of Hirtacus and is beheaded
  • 73F3142 James is stoned, or beaten to death (with a fuller's club)
  • 73F3321 Simon Zelotes beheaded
  • 73F324 martyrdom and death of Judas Thaddaeus: he is beaten to death and beheaded
  • 73F344 martyrdom and death of Matthias
  • 73F2243 the beheading of Paul; maybe three fountains spring from his head
  • 98B(NERO) (story of) Nero, the Roman Emperor
  • 44G32 executioner, hangman
  • 45B the soldier; the soldier's life
  • 12A521 high priest ~ hierarchy of priests
  • 44B152 royal household; courtiers, retinue, train

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