Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer, um 1864, Öl auf Leinwand, 62,1 x 74,3 cm, München, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Neue Pinakothek, Inv. 10811
Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer I, 1864, Öl auf Leinwand, 124,5 x 174,5 cm, München, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Sammlung Schack, Inv. 11528
Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer II, 1865, Öl auf Leinwand, 123,4 x 173,2 cm, München, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Sammlung Schack, Inv. 11536
Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer, um 1877, Öl auf Leinwand, 108 x 156 cm, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Inv. 1512
Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer, 1878, Öl auf Leinwand, 110 x 160 cm, Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Inv. KV 1102
The painting is especially interesting due to its ambiguity: there is no explanation about who this woman is or why she is standing on the beach looking out to sea. Böcklin deliberately evokes different associations in this artwork that is so very characteristic for him. For instance, it suggests mourning, transience and melancholy. This is consistent with Böcklin’s notion that each viewer should find their own interpretation. There are five versions of this motif, of which this is the third. The motif was very meaningful to the painter and is now one of his most famous.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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