Villa by the Sea, Arnold Böcklin
Arnold Böcklin
Villa by the Sea
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Related external works


Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer, um 1864, Öl auf Leinwand, 62,1 x 74,3 cm, München, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Neue Pinakothek, Inv. 10811

Different version

Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer I, 1864, Öl auf Leinwand, 124,5 x 174,5 cm, München, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Sammlung Schack, Inv. 11528

Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer II, 1865, Öl auf Leinwand, 123,4 x 173,2 cm, München, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Sammlung Schack, Inv. 11536

Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer, um 1877, Öl auf Leinwand, 108 x 156 cm, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Inv. 1512

Arnold Böcklin, Villa am Meer, 1878, Öl auf Leinwand, 110 x 160 cm, Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Inv. KV 1102

Arnold Böcklin

Villa by the Sea, 1871 – 1874

108.0 x 154.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1894
On display, 1st upper level, Modern Art, room 5


About the Work

The painting is especially interesting due to its ambiguity: there is no explanation about who this woman is or why she is standing on the beach looking out to sea. Böcklin deliberately evokes different associations in this artwork that is so very characteristic for him. For instance, it suggests mourning, transience and melancholy. This is consistent with Böcklin’s notion that each viewer should find their own interpretation. There are five versions of this motif, of which this is the third. The motif was very meaningful to the painter and is now one of his most famous.

Audio & Video

  • Basic information
  • Focus on art history
  • Focus on cultural history
  • Kunst|Stück – Arnold Böcklin: Villa am Meer
    Kunst|Stück – Sammlungshighlights des Städel Museums in unterhaltsamen und informativen Filmen – das sind die Kunst|Stücke. Entdecken Sie spannende Details zu Kunstwerken aus ungewöhnlichen Blickwinkeln in unter zwei Minuten. Arnold Böcklin: Villa am Meer (1871-74), Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main.

Work Data

Basic Information

Villa by the Sea
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert unten links: A Böcklin
Work Catalogues
  • Andree 1998, Nr. 175

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1894

Work Content

Motifs and References




Research and Discussion


Object History
Heinrich von Angeli (1840-1925), Wien
Verkauf durch die Kunsthandlung J.P. Schneider, Frankfurt am Main, an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 1894.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
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  • the date on which it changed hands

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