The Holy Family with Elizabeth and Saint John the Baptist as a Boy, Johann David Passavant
Johann David Passavant
The Holy Family with Elizabeth and Saint John the Baptist as a Boy
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Johann David Passavant

The Holy Family with Elizabeth and Saint John the Baptist as a Boy, 1819


Dimensions
136.5 x 99.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
1342
Acquisition
Acquired 1902 as Donation in Memory of Heinrich Anton Cornill-d’Orville by his Family
Status
On display, 1st upper level, Modern Art

Texts

About the Work

The Infant Jesus playfully holds out his arms to the young St John the Baptist, who stands transfixed in pious reverence. Positioned against an idealised southern landscape, the Holy Family forms a perfect triangular composition. Painted in Rome, the work is a programmatic image of Nazarene art. It reflects the enthusiasm of the supporters of this movement for the paintings of Raphael and their desire to arouse the "heart, soul and emotions" of the viewer. As an academic, Passavant also made an in-depth study of Raphael and is regarded as one of the founding fathers of modern art history.

About the Acquisition

Heinrich Anton Cornill d’Orville (1790–1875), merchant and art lover from Frankfurt, was a member of the Städel administration at the time the painter and art historian Johann David Passavant held the position of Städel gallery inspector in the mid-nineteenth century. Together, they went to the memorable auction in The Hague in 1850, where the collection of the Dutch royal court went under the hammer. They bought Jan van Eyck’s ‘Lucca Madonna’, among other works. In 1902 his heirs presented the museum with a portrait of Cornill d’Orville in his memory.

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
The Holy Family with Elizabeth and Saint John the Baptist as a Boy
Painter
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Material
Technique
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Monogrammiert und datiert am rechten Rand auf dem Stein, auf dem Maria sitzt: IDP. 1819.

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Creditline
Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
© Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Foto: U. Edelmann
Acquisition
Acquired 1902 as Donation in Memory of Heinrich Anton Cornill-d’Orville by his Family

Work Content

Iconclass

Primary
  • 73B8211 Holy Family with John the Baptist, Elisabeth present
Secondary
  • 25H2 landscapes with waters, waterscapes, seascapes (in the temperate zone)
  • 25H114 low hill country
  • 26A clouds
  • 25I12 prospect of city, town panorama, silhouette of city

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Last update

03.11.2020