The Crucifixion, Master of the Middle Rhine ca. 1420
Master of the Middle Rhine ca. 1420
The Crucifixion
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Master of the Middle Rhine ca. 1420

The Crucifixion, ca. 1420

186.4 x 168.6 x 1.4 cm
Physical Description
Mixed technique on fir
Inventory Number
HM 1
On permanent loan from Historisches Museum Frankfurt am Main since 1922
On display, 2nd upper level, Old Masters


About the Work

The main panel of the winged altarpiece features the Crucifixion. At the centre of the crowded scene is the crucifix, clasped by Mary Magdalene, before it a group with the unconscious Virgin and St Veronica. The latter presents the sudarium to the onlookers kneeling in the right foreground. Their pious devotion supplies the retable viewer with “instructions for use”. Split into two in the nineteenth century, the wings are not extant in their entirety. The inner sides show further scenes from the Passion; of the paintings on the outer sides, only the Visitation has survived.


  • 00:50
    Basic information
  • 01:15
    Focus on Frankfurt

Work Data

Basic Information

The Crucifixion
Part of
Crucifixion Altarpiece, so-called St. Peter’s Church Altarpiece
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Mixed technique on fir
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Inschrift auf Maria Magdalens Nimbus "sancta mariamagtalen"
Inschrift auf Johannes Nimbus "sanctus iohannes ewa[ngeli]sta"
Inschrift auf Marias Nimbus "sancta maria mater xp[ist]i"
Inschrift auf Maria Salome Nimbus "sancta maria salome"
Inschrift auf Maria Kleophas Nimbus "sancta maria cleove"
Inschrift auf Veronikas Nimbus "s[an]cta fronica"

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Dauerleihgabe des Historischen Museums Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
CC BY-SA 4.0 Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
On permanent loan from Historisches Museum Frankfurt am Main since 1922

Work Content


  • 73D61 comprehensive representations of the events on Golgotha during Christ's hanging on the cross, no particular event emphasized
  • 73D625 bystanders at the foot of the cross, among whom Mary, Mary Magdalene and John the Evangelist; Mary may be shown swooning
  • 73D67141 angel(s) catching Christ's blood in cup(s)
  • 11HH(VERONICA) Veronica; possible attributes: 'Sudarium' (veil with the image of Christ)
  • 11D3121 'Vera Icon', held up by Veronica
  • 22C311 nimbus, halo ~ radiance emanating from persons or things

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