The Crucifixion, Master of the Middle Rhine ca. 1420
Master of the Middle Rhine ca. 1420
The Crucifixion
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Master of the Middle Rhine ca. 1420

The Crucifixion, ca. 1420


Dimensions
186.4 x 168.6 x 1.4 cm
Physical Description
Mixed technique on fir
Inventory Number
HM 1
Acquisition
On permanent loan from Historisches Museum Frankfurt am Main since 1922
Status
On display

Texts

About the Work

The main panel of the winged altarpiece features the Crucifixion. At the centre of the crowded scene is the crucifix, clasped by Mary Magdalene, before it a group with the unconscious Virgin and St Veronica. The latter presents the sudarium to the onlookers kneeling in the right foreground. Their pious devotion supplies the retable viewer with “instructions for use”. Split into two in the nineteenth century, the wings are not extant in their entirety. The inner sides show further scenes from the Passion; of the paintings on the outer sides, only the Visitation has survived.

Audio

  • 00:50
    Basic information
  • 01:15
    Focus on Frankfurt

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
The Crucifixion
Painter
Part of
Crucifixion Altarpiece, so-called St. Peter’s Church Altarpiece
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Mixed technique on fir
Material
Technique
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Inschrift auf Maria Magdalens Nimbus "sancta mariamagtalen"
Inschrift auf Johannes Nimbus "sanctus iohannes ewa[ngeli]sta"
Inschrift auf Marias Nimbus "sancta maria mater xp[ist]i"
Inschrift auf Maria Salome Nimbus "sancta maria salome"
Inschrift auf Maria Kleophas Nimbus "sancta maria cleove"
Inschrift auf Veronikas Nimbus "s[an]cta fronica"

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Picture Copyright
© Städel Museum
Acquisition
On permanent loan from Historisches Museum Frankfurt am Main since 1922

Work Content

Iconclass

Primary
  • 73D61 comprehensive representations of the events on Golgotha during Christ's hanging on the cross, no particular event emphasized
  • 73D625 bystanders at the foot of the cross, among whom Mary, Mary Magdalene and John the Evangelist; Mary may be shown swooning
  • 73D67141 angel(s) catching Christ's blood in cup(s)
  • 11HH(VERONICA) Veronica; possible attributes: 'Sudarium' (veil with the image of Christ)
  • 11D3121 'Vera Icon', held up by Veronica
Secondary
  • 22C311 nimbus, halo ~ radiance emanating from persons or things

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Last import

31.01.2019