Mourning Figures and Soldiers beneath the Cross, Master of the Worcester Carrying of the Cross
Master of the Worcester Carrying of the Cross
Mourning Figures and Soldiers beneath the Cross
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Master of the Worcester Carrying of the Cross

Mourning Figures and Soldiers beneath the Cross, ca. 1425 – 1430

152 x min. 232 mm
maximum width
237 mm
Physical Description
Brown ink and brush in grey on ribbed laid paper
Inventory Number
Object Number
6976 Z
Acquired in 1891
Can be presented in the study room of the Graphische Sammlung (special opening hours)


About the Work

The "Master of the Worcester Carrying of the Cross" is named for the only painting which can be ascribed to him with certainty: a 'Christ Carrying the Cross' from the Worcester Collection (today Chicago, Art Institute). We know very little about the artist, who seems to have worked around 1420/30 in the South German region, possibly in Regensburg. What we do know is that he was a highly innovative artist whose influence can be seen in quite a number of works from that region and period.

Of a small group of drawings attributed to him, most are thought to have originated from his workshop, and only two are believed to be by the Master himself. This sheet owned by the Städel Museum is one of them and shows in a particularly touching way the artist's characteristic style and exceptional creative power. It portrays two groups of people created as part of a larger composition depicting 'Mount Calvary'. On the left, two of the holy women and St John the Apostle are attending to the swooning Virgin Mary; on the right, three soldiers or henchmen are mocking and scorning the figure of Christ on the Cross in what we must regard as a continuation of the composition. To develop the figures, originally drawn with a pen, the artist applied a wash with a brush in shades of varying darkness. The group of mourners is more delicately and simply designed than the three soldiers, who are not only draped and equipped with fashionable accessories, but also look more differentiated and more corporeal. Their coarse expressions are in keeping with their excited postures, which culminate in the figure at the front who has tilted his head backwards and is sticking out his tongue. With minimal artistic means the artist succeeds in contrasting grief and suffering with brutality and evil and thus reflects the event of the Passion in human emotions. The art of the Master of the Worcester Carrying of the Cross is rooted in the stylised form of the International Gothic style, but is imbued with a new attention to reality.

Work Data

Basic Information

Mourning Figures and Soldiers beneath the Cross
Production Place
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Brown ink and brush in grey on ribbed laid paper
Geographic Reference
Production Reason
Captions Added Later
Verso Stempel des Städelschen Kunstinstituts, Frankfurt am Main (Lugt 2356)
  • Ochsenkopf [Fragment]

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1891

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif
Persons Shown
Associated Persons and Institutions
Illustrated Passage
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Matthäus 27,54-56
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Markus 15,39-41
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Lukas 23,47-49


  • 73D625 bystanders at the foot of the cross, among whom Mary, Mary Magdalene and John the Evangelist; Mary may be shown swooning
  • 45B the soldier; the soldier's life
  • 31F11 death's head, skull (symbol of Death)

Research and Discussion


Historic Attribution
  • Rhenish, 15th century draughtsman

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