Mount Calvary, Franconian-Swabian Master ca. 1440/50
Franconian-Swabian Master ca. 1440/50
Mount Calvary
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Franconian-Swabian Master ca. 1440/50

Mount Calvary, ca. 1435 – 1445

147.5 x 108.3 cm
149.0 x 110.1 x 0.5 cm
Physical Description
Mixed technique on spruce
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1926
On display, 2nd upper level, Old Masters, room 3

Work Data

Basic Information

Mount Calvary
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Mixed technique on spruce
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Inschrift auf Titulus: ".inri."

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1926

Work Content


  • 73D61 comprehensive representations of the events on Golgotha during Christ's hanging on the cross, no particular event emphasized
  • 73D58 the superscription: I(esus) N(azarenus) R(ex) I(udaeorum) ~ Christ's crucifixion
  • 73D625 bystanders at the foot of the cross, among whom Mary, Mary Magdalene and John the Evangelist; Mary may be shown swooning
  • 73D633 Longinus pierces Christ's side with a lance
  • 11D3121 'Vera Icon', held up by Veronica
  • 45B the soldier; the soldier's life

Research and Discussion


Object History
[Augsburger Dom
Julius Binswanger (1858-1910), Augsburg]
Galerie Alfred Flechtheim, Frankfurt am Main
Verkauf an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 1926.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

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