In 1951, using first graphite, then coloured pencil, Arnulf Rainer drew several horizontally and vertically oriented lines in the middle of this sheet of paper. By means of repeated overdrawing, they became particularly concentrated at the centre. The following year he reworked the cluster, supplementing it with further deep black lines and curves, which he now, however, drew with his eyes shut. The artist had carried out his first blind drawings in 1951. He had been in search of something completely new, which – inspired by the Surrealists’ “psychic automatism” – he hoped to find in a manner of working guided solely by spontaneous inner instinct, free of the influence of outward impulses.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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