Thou Shalt Not Kill, Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach
Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach
Thou Shalt Not Kill
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Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach

Thou Shalt Not Kill, 1902


Dimensions
90.0 x 45.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
2371
Acquisition
Acquired in 2011
Status
Not exhibited

Texts

About the Work

Mocked by his contemporaries as a “turnip apostle” – and all but forgotten by posterity – Diefenbach was an avowed pacifist, nudist and vegetarian. Barefoot and wrapped in a monk’s habit, he denounced “animal murder” in front of the Munich Hofbräuhaus: “Rather die than renounce my ideals.” An artist with an affinity to turn-of-the-century Symbolism, he developed an independent and surprisingly modern pictorial idiom which left its mark on pupils such as František Kupka. ‘Thou Shalt Not Kill’ is considered one of Diefenbach’s major works.

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
Thou Shalt Not Kill
Painter
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Material
Technique

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Picture Copyright
© Städel Museum
Acquisition
Acquired in 2011

Work Content

Motifs and References

Genre
Main Motif
Associated Persons and Institutions
Illustrated Passage
  • Friedrich Schiller: Der Alpenjäger (Gedicht), 1804
  • Bibel, Altes Testament, Exodus 20,13
Associated Source
  • Schiller, Friedrich von: Der Alpenjäger, 1804

Iconclass

Primary
  • 11L225 'you shall not kill' ~ separate representation of the sixth of the ten commandments
  • 11P1 allegorical and symbolical representations ~ the Church and Religion
  • 13A311 astral vision
Associative

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Last import

20.08.2019