A question of distance: from far away we see a landscape with houses reflected in the water, while close up we see only geometric structures which overlap and penetrate each other. The dematerialisation of the objects is one of Feininger's central artistic interests: "What we have seen must be reshaped and crystallised internally," wrote the artist, who was appointed to the Bauhaus by Walter Gropius in 1919. Gelmeroda, which today forms part of Weimar, inspired Feininger to numerous works in which he mystically heightened village subjects with Expressionist and Cubist forms.
In 1863 the Teerfarbenfabrik Meister, Lucius & Co. was founded in Hoechst am Main. It was to become one of the leading chemical and pharmaceutical companies in Germany: Hoechst. It was a founding-member of the syndicate dye industry, from which I.G. Farben emerged in 1925. After the Second World War, I.G. Farben was split into its founder companies and Hoechst AG was re-established. In 2004 it merged with the French company Sanofi-Synthélabo. This painting was a gift of the company on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Städel Museum in 1966.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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