A question of distance: from far away we see a landscape with houses reflected in the water, while close up we see only geometric structures which overlap and penetrate each other. The dematerialisation of the objects is one of Feininger's central artistic interests: "What we have seen must be reshaped and crystallised internally," wrote the artist, who was appointed to the Bauhaus by Walter Gropius in 1919. Gelmeroda, which today forms part of Weimar, inspired Feininger to numerous works in which he mystically heightened village subjects with Expressionist and Cubist forms.
In 1863 the Teerfarbenfabrik Meister, Lucius & Co. was founded in Hoechst am Main. It was to become one of the leading chemical and pharmaceutical companies in Germany: Hoechst. It was a founding-member of the syndicate dye industry, from which I.G. Farben emerged in 1925. After the Second World War, I.G. Farben was split into its founder companies and Hoechst AG was re-established. In 2004 it merged with the French company Sanofi-Synthélabo. This painting was a gift of the company on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Städel Museum in 1966.