The Painter Otto Dix and his Wife Martha, August Sander
August Sander
The Painter Otto Dix and his Wife Martha
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August Sander

The Painter Otto Dix and his Wife Martha, 1925 – 1926


Darstellung
18.0 x 18.8 cm
Physical Description
Silver Gelatin Print on baryta paper
Inventory Number
St.F.164
Acquisition
Acquired in 2011 with support of the Kulturstiftung der Länder and Hessischer Kulturstiftung, property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.
Status
On display, Department of Prints and Drawings Exhibition Gallery

Texts

About the Work

In this photograph of the painter couple Martha and Otto Dix, August Sander experimented with gazes in two different directions. Whereas Martha Dix looks at the viewer head-on, her husband’s face appears in profile. Despite the two figures’ physical proximity, the photo conveys nothing in the way of intimate familiarity, but—in a manner reminiscent of portrait depictions of 1920s New Objective painting—is distinguished by a chilly, aloof austerity. Sander included the photo of the Dix couple in his portfolio People of the Twentieth Century, in which he brought together hundreds of portraits of persons belonging to a wide range of social classes and occupations. He later published it again in his book Face of our Time, featuring sixty photographic likenesses. Captions such as ‘widower’, ‘confectioner’, ‘secretary’, et cetera defined the figures depicted as representatives of certain contemporary types. In 1936 the Gestapo destroyed the book’s print sheets (not the negatives) after the Reich Literature Chamber had prohibited its publication.

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
The Painter Otto Dix and his Wife Martha
Photographer
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Silver Gelatin Print on baryta paper
Material
Technique
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Bezeichnet verso unten Mitte auf dem Trägerkarton: Stempel: August Sander; lichtbildner; kö'n-lindenthal; dürenerstr. 201; Fernruf 424 90
Captions Added Later
Bezeichnet verso oben rechts auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: 31
Bezeichnet verso oben Mitte auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: Der neue Professor Otto Dix und seiner Gattin
Bezeichnet verso Mitte auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: Sander; 81
Bezeichnet verso unten links auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: SG/088/X
Bezeichnet recto unten rechts auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: G. ( unleserleich)

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Creditline
Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Eigentum des Städelschen Museums-Vereins e.V.
Picture Copyright
© Die Photographische Sammlung / Sk Stiftung Kultur – August Sander Archiv, Köln / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2021
Acquisition
Acquired in 2011 with support of the Kulturstiftung der Länder and Hessischer Kulturstiftung, property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.

Work Content

Motifs and References

Genre
Main Motif
Persons Shown
Associated Medium
  • August Sander: Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts (Bildatlas)

Iconclass

Primary
  • 48C513(+2) portrait, self-portrait of painter (+ artist in non-work situation)
  • 61B2(DIX, Otto)1 historical person (DIX, Otto) - historical person(DIX, Otto) portrayed
  • 61BB2(DIX, Martha)1 historical person (DIX, Martha) - BB - woman - historical person(DIX, Martha) portrayed
  • 42D3 marriage, married couple, 'matrimonium'

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Last update

06.09.2021