The Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence, Bartholomeus Breenbergh
Bartholomeus Breenbergh
The Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence
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Bartholomeus Breenbergh

The Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence, 1647


Dimensions
86.8 x 102.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
621
Acquisition
Acquired in 1817 as a bequest from Johann Georg Grambs
Status
Not exhibited

Texts

About the Work

Like many Dutch artists, Breenbergh was drawn to Italy at an early age; he worked in Rome for several years. The experience left its mark not only on the content, but also on the form of his paintings, even those executed back in Amsterdam from 1633 onwards. A leading Italianist, he depicted the martyrdom of Lawrence against the backdrop of the Eternal City. Trajan’s Column and the Temple of Antoninus Pius serve as reminders of antiquity, while the Castel Sant’Angelo – and above all Michelangelo’s dome of St Peter’s in the background – set the event in the artist’s own time.

About the Donation

"Dr. Grambs also owns a collection of paintings, copperplate engravings and drawings by hand which exceeds all expectations. The definitive knowledge of the owner helps the visitor to gain rapid enlightenment and thorough understanding." That was how Goethe described the Frankfurt collection of the lawyer Johann Georg Grambs (1756-1817). It included Netherlandish Baroque artists and contemporary master painters from Frankfurt. Grambs was one of the administrators of the museum appointed by Städel. Like the donor, he, too, bequeathed his art collection to the institute.

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
The Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence
Painter
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Material
Technique
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert und datiert unten rechts auf einem viereckigen Stein: BBreenberg f. (BB ligiert) / A° 1647
Bezeichnet am Sockel der Säule: S.P.Q.R. / IMP.CAISARE DIVINER(I) / VAI TRAIANO. AVG / GERMANIC DACIO / PONT. MAX.

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Picture Copyright
© Städel Museum, Foto: U. Edelmann
Acquisition
Acquired in 1817 as a bequest from Johann Georg Grambs

Work Content

Iconclass

Primary
Secondary
  • 46A7 crowd, mob
  • 25L(ROM) cities represented allegorically or symbolically (ROM)
  • 25I12 prospect of city, town panorama, silhouette of city
  • 61F(SAN PIETRO (Rom)) names of historical buildings, sites, streets, etc. (SAN PIETRO (Rom))
  • 61F(ENGELSBURG (Rom)) names of historical buildings, sites, streets, etc. (ENGELSBURG (Rom))
  • 61F(ENGELSBRÜCKE (Rom)) names of historical buildings, sites, streets, etc. (ENGELSBRÜCKE (Rom))
  • 61F(TRAJANSSÄULE (Rom)) names of historical buildings, sites, streets, etc. (TRAJANSSÄULE (Rom))
  • 25I154 triumphal column with helical friezes
  • 92B57 specific aspects, allegorical aspects of Mercury; Mercury as patron
  • 61D(TEVERE) geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (TEVERE) (TEVERE)
  • 25H213 river

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Last import

03.06.2019