The Avenue in Saint-Cloud Park, Henri Rousseau
Henri Rousseau
The Avenue in Saint-Cloud Park
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Henri Rousseau

The Avenue in Saint-Cloud Park, ca. 1908

46.2 x 37.6 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
SG 404
Acquired in 1926
On loan


About the Work

At the age of forty-one, Henri Rousseau gave up his work as a customs official to devote himself entirely to painting. A self-taught artist, he developed a style characterised by distortions and unnatural proportions and perspectives. Tiny human figures promenade along an avenue lined with rows of uniform trees. In naïve manner, every detail – whether in the foreground or background – is treated equally. Rousseau is considered a precursor of Surrealism because of the way dream worlds and reality merge in his works.

Work Data

Basic Information

The Avenue in Saint-Cloud Park
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert unten rechts: H. Rousseau

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1926

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif
Associated Persons and Institutions



Research and Discussion


Object History
... Pauline Kowarzik (1852-1929), Frankfurt am Main
Verkauf an die Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt am Main, 1926.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

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