In his sketchbook, Johann Wilhelm Schirmer mainly drew quick studies of landscapes, mostly with a pencil, sometimes also with a pen and black-brown. Undated and without any place names, it is difficult to classify the landscapes more precisely ‒ even the isolated churches and half-timbered houses remain too generic for that. Using the landscape format of the book, Schirmer often drew far out to the opposite page and then closed the picture with a framing line. Since the last drawings in the book, now mainly figure studies, were rotated by 180 degrees, it can be assumed that the artist opened the book for this new theme from the back and used it this way. A large part of the pages towards the end of the book remained blank.
For a full sketchbook description, please see “Research”.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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Art-technology findings and/or documentation regarding conservation and restoration are available for this work. If interested, please contact .