Around 1954, Fred Thieler put his paintbrush aside, took the scraper in hand and spread splintery colour forms across the entire surfaces of his canvases, cardboards and papers. In the work "RS 6/57" he used the same utensil to layer expansive bands of white, black and red paint one on top of the other. In some places he pushed the paint aside while it was still wet, thus exposing the undermost layer, or even the surface of the paper, in hard lines. This technique forced him to work as fast as possible, since the paint was not allowed to dry. For Thieler, art was not the result of long planning, but spontaneous action and reaction.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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