Portrait of the Actress Fanny Janauschek, Arnold Böcklin
Arnold Böcklin
Portrait of the Actress Fanny Janauschek
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Preliminary drawing

Böcklin, Arnold: Bildnis Fanny Janauschek, schwarze Kreide auf blauem Papier, um 1861, Inv.-Nr. HZ 3350, Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt

Arnold Böcklin

Portrait of the Actress Fanny Janauschek, 1861


Dimensions
180.0 x 104.3 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
1889
Acquisition
Acquired in 1934, Property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.
Status
On display, 1st upper level, Modern Art

Texts

About the Work

Loved and admired, Fanny Janauschek was a star of the stage. Böcklin met the Frankfurt actress in 1861, during a guest performance in Weimar. This is where he painted this life-sized portrait. It neither emphasises her celebrated beauty nor is it a dramatic portrait of her in character. The enigmatic actress seems reserved rather than theatrical. Böcklin succeeded in stressing the actress’s particular qualities. As a tragedienne, she perfectly embodies a maximum of suffering.

About the Acquisition

In 1934 there was an opportunity to purchase Arnold Böcklin's portrait of Fanny Janauschek for 27,000 marks. Swarzenski, the director of the Städel, had already been dismissed from his municipal offices because of his Jewish faith. In a special publication dedicated to the portrait, Swarzenski discussed the painterly approach to this monumental likeness. The subject was a celebrated actress in the nineteenth century, having achieved her breakthrough during her early years in Frankfurt. The purchase of Böcklin's work marked the end of the series of acquisitions by the Museums-Verein for some time. Not until 1957, almost a quarter of a century later, was the museum association able to resume its activities, which had come virtually to a standstill during the Second World War.

Audio

  • 00:34
    Basic information
  • 01:45
    Focus on Frankfurt
  • 02:01
    Focus on material

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
Portrait of the Actress Fanny Janauschek
Painter
Production Place
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Material
Technique

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Creditline
Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Eigentum des Städelschen Museums-Vereins e.V.
Picture Copyright
CC BY-SA 4.0 Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Acquisition
Acquired in 1934, Property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.

Work Content

Motifs and References

Genre
Main Motif
Persons Shown
Associated Medium
  • Schiller, Freidrich: Die Braut von Messina oder die feindlichen Brüder

Iconclass

Primary
  • 48C8312 portrait of actor, actress
  • 61BB2(JANAUSCHEK, Fanny)1 historical person (JANAUSCHEK, Fanny) - BB - woman - historical person(JANAUSCHEK, Fanny) portrayed
  • 61BB2(+55) historical persons - BB - woman (+ full length portrait)
  • 31AA231 standing figure - AA - female human figure
Secondary

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Last update

04.08.2020