Portrait of Fernande Olivier, Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Portrait of Fernande Olivier
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Pablo Picasso

Portrait of Fernande Olivier, 1909

65.0 x 54.5 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1967, property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.
Not on display


About the Work

Picasso and his mistress Fernande Olivier spent the summer of 1909 in the mountains outside Saragossa. In the painting, Fernande’s countenance emerges from the barren scenery. In the words of Ernst Holzinger, Städel director from 1938 to 1972: “The hills and gorges of this facial landscape are tension-charged, the ridges, surfaces, angles of crystalline conciseness.” The painting is among the key works of Analytical Cubism, which disintegrates the self-contained forms of the objects depicted in favour of an autonomous formal rhythm.

Audio & Video

  • 01:00
    Basic information
  • 01:32
    Focus on art history
  • Kunst|Stück – Pablo Picasso: Bildnis Fernande Olivier
    Sammlungshighlights des Städel Museums in unterhaltsamen und informativen Filmen – das sind die Kunst|Stücke. Entdecken Sie spannende Details zu Kunstwerken aus ungewöhnlichen Blickwinkeln in unter zwei Minuten. Pablo Picasso: Bildnis Fernande Olivier (1909), Städel Museum Frankfurt. https://sammlung.staedelmuseum.de/de/werk/bildnis-fernande-olivier#yt

Work Data

Basic Information

Portrait of Fernande Olivier
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert oben links: Picasso

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Eigentum des Städelschen Museums-Vereins e.V.
Picture Copyright
© Succession Picasso / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2021
Acquired in 1967, property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif
Persons Shown
Associated Persons and Institutions


  • 0 Abstract, Non-representational Art

Research and Discussion


Object History
Paul Guillaume (1891-1934), Paris, seit mindestens 1929
[Nachlass Paul Guillaume (Domenica Guillaume), Paris, 1934]
Le Ray Berdeau (1888-1971), New York/West Palm Beach, FL
verkauft an Galerie Beyeler, Basel, 17. Oktober 1966
erworben durch den Städelschen Museumsverein, Frankfurt, 2. Dezember 1967.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

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