This painting formed part of the collection of the founder, Johann Friedrich Städel (1728-1816), where it was listed in 1816 in the inventory as "peut-être par Lingelbach" ("perhaps by Lingelbach"). However, research into the inventory catalogue of the Dutch paintings at the Städel in 2005 came to the conclusion that the paintings should be attributed to another Dutch painter: the marine artist Ludolf Backhuysen (1630-1708). When portraying the man in the background Backhuysen also depicted a clearly identifiable view of his home town of Emden. We have no knowledge as to why the painting should have once been regarded as the work of Johannes Lingelbach (1622-1674). It is possible, however, that the temptation to do so was particularly great in the latter's native town of Frankfurt. After all, Städel did collect the works of a number of Frankfurt painters, from Adam Elsheimer to Abraham Mignon and even Christian Georg Schütz.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
If you have any questions or suggestions, please contact the museum at .