Exhausted, an old woman and a little boy have sunk to the ground in front of a church. Former Städel director Georg Swarzenski considered this canvas one of the most prominent works of nineteenth-century German painting. Indeed, it was unusual in Germany at that time to depict members of the lower social classes on so large a scale. Inspired by the work of the Realist Gustave Courbet, with whom he shared a studio in 1858/59, Göbel here portrayed figures from society’s margins – with a touch of sentimentality, but with critical intentions.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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