Pan and Syrinx, Adam Elsheimer;  succession
Adam Elsheimer
Pan and Syrinx
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Adam Elsheimer succession

Pan and Syrinx, ca. 1610 – 1620

12.4 x 16.4 cm
Physical Description
Oil on copper
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1922 as bequest by Fanny Herxheimer, née Livingston
On display, 2nd upper level, Old Masters, room 10


About the Acquisition

The family was known as the Löwensteins when they emigrated to America, and as the Livingstons when they returned to Frankfurt as millionaires in 1870. Daughter Fanny was born in 1853 in Louisville, Kentucky, in the United States. After her return to Germany she married medical consultant Dr Salomon Herxheimer. When this specialist for skin and venereal diseases died in 1899, she founded the Sanitätsrat Dr. Salomon Herxheimersche Stiftung, which treated impoverished patients suffering from skin diseases free of charge. Fanny died in Frankfurt in 1922 and, like her sister, Rose Livingston, left part of her collection of paintings to the Städel.

Work Data

Basic Information

Pan and Syrinx
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on copper

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1922 as bequest by Fanny Herxheimer, née Livingston

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif
Persons Shown
Illustrated Passage
  • Ovid: Metamorphosen, 1. Buch, Syrinx, 689-706


  • 97BB5 Syrinx changed into a reed: while fleeing from Pan, the nymph Syrinx is changed into reed by her sisters, the Naiads (Ovid, Metamorphoses I 705)
  • 92L312 Naiads, river- and spring-nymphs; usually carrying an urn; 'Naiadi, ninfe de' fiumi' (Ripa)

Research and Discussion


Object History
Fanny Herxheimer, geb. Livingston (1853-1922), Frankfurt am Main
Vermächtnis an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 1922.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.

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