Emil Lugo used this landscape sketchbook with the faded imprint “Album” on his first trip to Italy from 1871 to 1873, when he was accompanied by his artist colleague Max Wilhelm Roman (1849‒1910). The drawings, partly with dates and locations, document Lugo’s stays in and around Rome from April to August 1872. Among other places, Lugo captured the view of the Lateran, visited Villa Borghese (April), then travelled to Tivoli (May to June), Subiaco (June), Civitella (July) and Olevano (August). His pencil-drawn landscape and city views, which he did with different degrees of precision, allow us to draw conclusions about the artist’s working methods. Lugo first captured what he saw in brief outlines before he expanded on what he was particularly interested in. Often, therefore, his drawings only show a reduced depiction of the foreground or background. Lugo made full use of the book’s landscape format for the composition, sometimes he even developed the drawing over a double page. For this, he usually chose a slightly elevated position. Individual framed compositions may well have been intended as sketches for later paintings. The artist left the last pages blank.
For a full sketchbook description, please see “Research”.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
If you have any questions or suggestions, please contact the museum at .
Art-technology findings and/or documentation regarding conservation and restoration are available for this work. If interested, please contact .