Interior of Antwerp Cathedral, Pieter Neefs the Younger;  workshop, Frans Francken III;  workshop
Pieter Neefs the Younger, Frans Francken III
Interior of Antwerp Cathedral
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Pieter Neefs the Younger workshop
Frans Francken III workshop

Interior of Antwerp Cathedral, ca. 1655 – 1667

60.5 x 94.0 x min. 0.3 cm
maximum depth
0.8 cm
Physical Description
Oil on oak
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1817 as a bequest from Johann Georg Grambs
Not on display


About the Work

Pieter Neefs the Younger was a painter of architecture who often created idealised representations of Antwerp Cathedral. Although the vast, seven-nave building has been recorded with considerable accuracy, the uniform Renaissance altar paintings are purely imaginary. Since Neefs was specialised in the portrayal of architecture, when it came to the figures in his picture, he worked together with his fellow artist Frans Francken III, another specialist, and the assistants in his studio.

Work Data

Basic Information

Interior of Antwerp Cathedral
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on oak
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert am rechten Mittelschiffspfeiler: PEETER NEEffS.

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1817 as a bequest from Johann Georg Grambs

Work Content


  • 11Q7131(NAVE) parts of church interior: nave
  • 11Q71454 pulpit, ambo, chancel
  • 42E312 epitaph
  • 11Q7311 Holy Mass (divine service, especially of Roman Catholic Church)
  • 11P31 organization, functionaries and dignitaries in Roman Catholic church; clergy in general
  • 46A12 nobility and patriciate; chivalry, knighthood
  • 46A1251 page, footboy
  • 46A151 beggar
  • 42A31 nursing, suckling
  • 34B11 dog
  • 61E(ANTWERPEN) names of cities and villages (ANTWERPEN)

Research and Discussion


Object History
Johann Georg Grambs (Städel-Administrator
1756-1817), Frankfurt am Main
Vermächtnis an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 1817.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

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