Like the 17th century Dutch painters who were so popular among Frankfurt collectors, the 18th century Frankfurt painters were specialists in certain fields. While Christian Georg Schütz captured extensive landscapes from the surrounding area, Justus Juncker had a penchant for still lifes and Johann Conrad Seekatz was focused on the children's genre. All these painters were already represented in important private collections in Frankfurt during their lifetime, be it in that of Johann Caspar Goethe, the father of the poet Johann Wolfgang, or in that of the banker and merchant Johann Friedrich Städel (1728−1816). In his charter to the foundation from 1815, Städel laid the foundation for the museum that still exists today and bequeathed not only his house on the Roßmarkt and his fortune, but also his collection of paintings.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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