Fabrik, Erich Heckel
Erich Heckel
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Erich Heckel

Fabrik, 1908

441 x 575 mm
283 x 355 mm
Physical Description
Woodcut in black on Japanese paper
Inventory Number
Object Number
67997 D
Acquired in 2019 as a bequest from Ulrike Crespo from the Karl Ströher Collection
Can be presented in the study room of the Graphische Sammlung (special opening hours)


About the Work

Like the other founding members of the Brücke, Heckel was drawn to the woodcut technique because of the potential it offered for exploring and experimenting with the natural material wood. Shallowly cut U-shaped furrows in the wooden block lend structure to the otherwise white surfaces of the sky, buildings, and ground. As visible traces of the process of working the hard wood, they testify to the resistance the artist had to overcome when cutting them.

About the Acquisition

The Städel Museum has the photographer, psychotherapist, philanthropist, and long-time Frankfurt resident Ulrike Crespo (1950–2019) to thank for more than ninety works ranging from classical modernism to American pop art. The paintings, drawings, and prints by Wassily Kandinsky, Otto Dix, Oskar Schlemmer, Max Ernst, Jean Dubuffet, Cy Twombly, and others originally belonged to the holdings of her grandfather, the Darmstadt-based industrialist Karl Ströher (1890–1977), who amassed an extensive art collection after World War II.

Work Data

Basic Information

Fabrik (Original Title)
Title Translation
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Woodcut in black on Japanese paper
Geographic Reference
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert und datiert unterhalb der Darstellung rechts (mit Bleistift): ErichHeckel 08; betitelt unten links: Fabrik
Captions Added Later
Verso nummeriert unten links (mit Bleistift): 374/31; unten mittig: B-4204
  • Nicht vorhanden
Work Catalogues
  • Dube H 195 II (von II)

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
© Nachlass Erich Heckel, Hemmenhofen; VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2024
Acquired in 2019 as a bequest from Ulrike Crespo from the Karl Ströher Collection

Work Content

Motifs and References




Research and Discussion


Object History
Karl Ströher (1890-1977), Darmstadt
Nachlass Karl Ströher, 1977
an seine Enkelin Ulrike Crespo (1950-2019), Frankfurt am Main
Vermächtnis an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 2019.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.

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