Eve, Emil Nolde
Emil Nolde
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Emil Nolde

Eve, 1910

106.0 x 41.0 cm
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1961 as a gift from Dr. Fritz Hagemann; formerly Carl Hagemann Collection
Not on display


About the Work

In 1910, surrounded by “sun, happiness and floral splendour”, Emil Nolde painted Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. A little later, he cut up this picture of paradise and kept only the depiction of the primordial mother Eve. Unclothed, alone and somewhat lost, she stands in front of oversized flowers. Nolde combined his decidedly subjective interpretation of the biblical motif with allusions to prevailing themes of his time, such as the idealising view of foreign cultures and the motif of the (usually red-haired) femme fatale. Nolde achieved his breakthrough with the religious paintings he produced from 1909 onwards.

About the Acquisition

From 1900 onwards, the Frankfurt chemist and industrialist Carl Hagemann (1867‒1940) assembled one of the most important private collections of modern art. It included numerous paintings, drawings, watercolours and prints, especially by members of the artist group “Die Brücke”. After Carl Hagemann died in an accident during the Second World War, the then Städel director Ernst Holzinger arranged for Hagemann’s heirs to evacuate his collection with the museum’s collection. In gratitude, the family donated almost all of the works on paper to the Städel Museum in 1948. Further donations and permanent loans as well as purchases of paintings and watercolours from the Hagemann estate helped to compensate for the losses the museum had suffered in 1937 as part of the Nazi’s “Degenerate Art” campaign. Today, the Hagemann Collection forms the core of the Städel museum’s Expressionist collection.

Work Data

Basic Information

Period Produced
Object Type
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert unten links: Nolde
Work Catalogues
  • Urban 1987, Bd. 1, Nr. 349

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
© Nolde Stiftung Seebüll
Acquired in 1961 as a gift from Dr. Fritz Hagemann; formerly Carl Hagemann Collection

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif
Persons Shown
Associated Persons and Institutions
Illustrated Passage
  • Bibel, Altes Testament, Genesis 1,25-29
  • Bibel, Altes Testament, Genesis 2,25


  • 71A321 Garden of Eden, paradise
  • 31AA231 standing figure - AA - female human figure
  • 25G41 flowers
  • 71A35 Adam and Eve in paradise (before the Fall)

Research and Discussion


Object History
Galerie Rudolf Probst, Mannheim
verkauft an Carl Hagemann (1867-1940), Frankfurt, 1936
Nachlass Carl Hagemann, 1940
Depositum im Städel Museum, Frankfurt, 1941
Schenkung Fritz Hagemann an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 1961.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

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Conservation and Restoration

Art-technology findings and/or documentation regarding conservation and restoration are available for this work. If interested, please contact .

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