On the back of the same sheet, Werner Gilles once again rendered the composition of the front in watercolour, although in slightly altered form. Now he immersed the scene in the atmosphere of evening. He began by dividing the picture surface into three horizontal bands of blue, pink and green. Next he covered the entire sheet with a fluid layer of black watercolour. It was only then that he added the line drawing of fishermen, boats, landscape elements and the sea. Across the upper section he distributed little dots that, in combination with the dark background colour, evoke the impression of a starry sky.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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