Double Portrait, Max Beckmann
Max Beckmann
Double Portrait
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Max Beckmann

Double Portrait, 1923

80.3 x 65.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
SG 348
Acquired in 1924 as a gift from the artist, Withdrawn 1937, Restituted 1951
On display, 1st upper level, Modern Art


About the Work

United against their will in ‘Double Portrait’ are both the lover and the wife of the then Städel director, Georg Swarzenski. Eighteen-year-old Carola Netter is depicted in an elegant black evening gown. Shortly after the painting was completed, she became assistant to the director. Swarzenski’s wife is holding a fan that actually belonged to her rival. The painting was not commissioned. Both women sat for it independently. It was the artist who pressed them into the narrow pictorial space. Yet they keep themselves to themselves and each woman gazes into a void.

About the Acquisition

A resident of Frankfurt from 1915 onwards, Max Beckmann taught a master class at the Städelschule from 1925 to 1933. It was in this period that he became one of Germany’s best-known and most successful painters. Frankfurt’s Städtische Galerie cultivated an especially intensive relationship to Beckmann. Between 1919 and 1933 the collection purchased altogether thirteen of his paintings. In 1924 it received this personal work from the artist as a gift.


  • 01:11
    Basic information
  • 01:19
    Focus on Frankfurt
  • 01:48
    Focus on art history

Work Data

Basic Information

Double Portrait
Production Place
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert und datiert oben rechts: Beckmann F. 23.
Work Catalogues
  • Göpel 2021, Nr. 222

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
© Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Foto: U. Edelmann
Acquired in 1924 as a gift from the artist, Withdrawn 1937, Restituted 1951

Work Content

Motifs and References


  • 61BB2(SWARZENSKI, Marie)12(+54) historical person (SWARZENSKI, Marie) - BB - woman - historical person (SWARZENSKI, Marie) in a double-portrait (+ three-quarter length portrait)
  • 61BB2(NETTER, Carola)12(+54) historical person (NETTER, Carola) - BB - woman - historical person (NETTER, Carola) in a double-portrait (+ three-quarter length portrait)
  • 31AA235 sitting figure - AA - female human figure

Research and Discussion


Object History
Max Beckmann (1884-1950), Frankfurt
laut Eintrag im Inventarbuch geschenkt „als Überweisung des Direktors“ an die Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt am Main, 1924
laut Eintrag im Inventarbuch „vom Schenker zurückgezogen,“ vor 1938
Depot des „Instituts zur Erforschung der Judenfrage,“ Hungen, 1943
Offenbach Archival Depot, ca. 1945
Central Collecting Point, Wiesbaden, 21. Februar 1946
Übergabe an die Jewish Restitution Successor Organization, Nürnberg, 4. Juli 1951
Übergabe an die Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt am Main, November 1951.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

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Conservation and Restoration

Art-technology findings and/or documentation regarding conservation and restoration are available for this work. If interested, please contact .

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