Dog Lying in the Snow, Franz Marc
Franz Marc
Dog Lying in the Snow
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Franz Marc

Dog Lying in the Snow, ca. 1911


Dimensions
62.5 x 105.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
2085
Acquisition
Acquired in 1919, Confiscated in 1937, Reacquired in 1961, Property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.
Status
On display, 1st upper level, Modern Art

Texts

About the Work

How does a dog see the world? Marc’s ‘Russi’ nestles peacefully on a bed of snow. The artist had to work on her coat for a long time before “a pure colour relationship between the yellow, the cold white of the snow, and the blue in it had been accomplished”. For Marc, who founded the Blauer Reiter artists’ association with Kandinsky and Macke, animals in harmony with nature embodied the idea of a pure and pristine life – an all-encompassing congruity of creation. In 2008, visitors to the Städel voted ‘Dog Lying in the Snow’ their favourite painting.

About the Acquisition

This popular painting by Franz Marc of a dog lying in the snow joined the museum's collection twice. The first occasion was when it was purchased from the painter's widow in 1919, after which it hung in the modern section until 1937. The National Socialists removed it from the collection together with seventy-six other works as part of their confiscation of "degenerate art", but in 1961 the opportunity presented itself to acquire the work, by then in a private American collection, for the second time. The purchase price of 175,000 marks was almost three times higher than the previous top price paid by the Städel for modernist art - but after a short period of consideration, and in view of the importance of the painting for the collection, the Museums-Verein decided to buy it back.

Audio

  • 01:12
    Basic information
  • 01:38
    Focus on art history

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
Dog Lying in the Snow
Painter
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Material
Technique

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Creditline
Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Eigentum des Städelschen Museums-Vereins e.V.
Picture Copyright
CC BY-SA 4.0 Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Acquisition
Acquired in 1919, Confiscated in 1937, Reacquired in 1961, Property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.

Work Content

Motifs and References

Genre
Main Motif

Iconclass

Primary
Secondary

Research and Discussion

Provenance

Object History
Nachlass Franz Marc (Maria Marc), 1916
verkauft an die Städtische Galerie (Inv.-Nr. SG 292), Frankfurt am Main, 1919 [1]
beschlagnahmt als „entartete Kunst“ durch das Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda, 7. Juli 1937 [2]
Verst. durch die Galerie Fischer, Luzern, 30.06.1939 (Los-Nr. 85) an Le Ray Berdeau (1888-1971), New York/West Palm Beach, FL [3]
verkauft an Galerie Beyeler, Basel, 29. November 1960 [4]
verkauft am 30. März 1961 an den Städelschen Museums-Verein e.V.

Information

Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.

If you have any questions or suggestions, please contact the museum at .

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Last update

03.11.2020