Christ Blessing the Children, Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Christ Blessing the Children
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Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ Blessing the Children, ca. 1535 – 1540

83.8 x 121.5 x min. 0.6 cm
maximum depth
0.6 cm
Physical Description
Mixed technique on beech
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1923 as a bequest from Adolph von Holzhausen
Not on display


About the Work

This painting is one of Cranach’s best-loved works; some twenty treatments of the subject by him have survived. Christ’s blessing of the children is a typically Protestant subject, for it illustrates Luther’s view that the way to heaven is not through good works (to be performed largely by adults) but through faith alone, understood as an act of divine grace. Although the work presumably did not come into the Holzhausens’ possession until 1810, later nineteenth-century members of that family thought they recognised their own ancestors in the children shown in the picture.

About the Acquisition

For almost 700 years, from 1245 until 1923, the Holzhausens were one of Frankfurt's most important patrician families and prominent members of the Imperial City's town council. More than thirty members of the family served as mayor on some seventy occasions. Until about 1500 the family were merchants on a large scale, but then concentrated on administering their country property and feudal lands. The death of Adolph Freiherr von Holzhausen (1866-1923) marked the end of the older branch of the family on the male side. He bequeathed to the Städel the ancestral portrait gallery of Frankfurt's Holzhausen family, which dated back to the time of the Renaissance. The portrait collection exhibits the particular charm of an ancestral gallery that has been maintained over many generations.

Work Data

Basic Information

Christ Blessing the Children
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Mixed technique on beech

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1923 as a bequest from Adolph von Holzhausen

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif
Persons Shown
Illustrated Passage
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Matthäus 19,13-15
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Markus 10,13-16
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Lukas 18,15-17


  • 73C7224 Christ blessing children brought by their mothers, usually with some disciples disapprovingly looking on (Matthew 19:13-15; Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)
  • 11H(PETER) the apostle Peter, first bishop of Rome; possible attributes: book, cock, (upturned) cross, (triple) crozier, fish, key, scroll, ship, tiara
  • 42A3 mother and baby or young child
  • 42A31 nursing, suckling
  • 31A2522 hands folded
  • 31A25432 leading someone by the hand or wrist

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