Christ at the Column, Guido Reni
Guido Reni
Christ at the Column
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Guido Reni

Christ at the Column, ca. 1604

192.7 x 114.4 cm
Physical Description
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1875
On display, 2nd upper level, Old Masters, room 11


About the Work

Christ stands beside the whipping post with his head lowered. He emerges from the darkness, with light and shade modelling every muscle of his body. Resigned to his fate, he awaits the blows of the ruffians who have not yet begun their work. By presenting a close-up view of Christ the artist in a way places the viewer in the position of the executioner's henchmen. Guido Reni had trained initially in Bologna at the academy of the Carracci. He produced the Frankfurt painting soon after moving to Rome; it demonstrates Reni's recent study of the art of Caravaggio. The young painter followed the latter's striving to achieve the direct presence of the figure, but removes any drastic elements in favour of concentrating on the figure of the Son of God. The artist may have created this work for his Roman patron, Cardinal Paolo Emilio Sfondrati, a possibility suggested by the whipping post, which is an exact copy of the one revered to this day in the Basilica S. Prassede. Sfondrati was the protector of the associated monastery and belonged to the circles that showed an increased interest in the ancient relics of early Christianity.

Audio & Video

  • Exhibition “Guido Reni. The Divine” (2022)
  • Exhibition “Guido Reni. The Divine” (2022)
  • Researching Reni – Conservation of Guido Reni’s masterpiece “Christ at the Column”
    One of the most celebrated artworks by the Italian Baroque painter Guido Reni (1575–1642) is currently in conservation at the Städel Museum. Restorers Lilly Becker and Stephan Knobloch, as well as Bastian Eclercy, curator of the exhibition "GUIDO RENI 'The Divine'", provided insight into the history of the artwork and the conservation, LIVE from the restauration workshop at the Städel Museum. Exhibition: GUIDO RENI “The Divine” 23 November 2022 to 5 March 2023 More information: The conservation is made possible through the support of funding through Bank of America’s Art Conservation Project.

Work Data

Basic Information

Christ at the Column
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1875

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif
Persons Shown
Associated Persons and Institutions
Illustrated Passage
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Matthäus 27,26
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Markus 15,15
  • Bibel, Neues Testament, Johannes 19,1


  • 73D35121 Christ on the whipping-post (after the flagellation)

Research and Discussion


Object History
Johann Theodor Wiesen (1794-1875), Frankfurt am Main
Nachlass Theodor Wiesen, 1875, Frankfurt am Main, 1875
Verst. an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 8. Juni 1875 (Los-Nr. 34).


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

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