A Game of Croquet, Édouard Manet
Édouard Manet
A Game of Croquet
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Édouard Manet

A Game of Croquet, 1873

72.0 x 106.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1912, property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.
On loan


About the Work

To the countryside! In 1873, the Frenchman Edouard Manet painted en plein air with its natural light for the first time: four people playing croquet together, a popular as well as casual leisure activity. In the foreground sits fellow artist Alfred Stevens and in the background Paul Roudier, one of Manet’s friends. In between are two ladies, modelling. Manet rarely came as close to the Impressionists as he does here. Even though the picture’s composition and brushstrokes look spontaneous, the former is precisely calculated, a planned provocation: the supposedly married couples are the artists and their models – thus, the bourgeois idyll is a mere illusion.

About the Acquisition

The arrival in 1906 of the new director of the Städel, Georg Swarzenski, and the founding of the Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut für die zeitgenössische Kunst in 1907 marked the beginning of a series of highly significant acquisitions by the Museums-Verein, the museum association established in 1899. During the years leading up to the First World War, purchases included an artistically cohesive section of the collection in the form of outstanding works of French art, which was frowned upon in many circles in Germany. They included Symbolist works such as Puvis de Chavannes's 'Madgalena', Courbet's dramatic 'Wave' and Impressionist masterpieces like 'A Game of Croquet', painted by Édouard Manet in 1873, the year in which he tried working outdoors for the first time together with Claude Monet. Here, the garden in which the popular leisure game is being practised becomes both a meeting place and the studio of the artist.

Audio & Video

  • Basic information
  • Focus on cultural history
  • KunstIStück – Édouard Manet: Die Krocketpartie
    Sammlungshighlights des Städel Museums in unterhaltsamen und informativen Filmen – das sind die Kunst|Stücke. Entdecken Sie spannende Details zu Kunstwerken aus ungewöhnlichen Blickwinkeln in unter zwei Minuten. KunstIStück – Édouard Manet: Die Krocketpartie, 1837, Erworben 1912, Eigentum des Städelschen Museums-Vereins e.V. https://sammlung.staedelmuseum.de/de/werk/die-krocketpartie#yt

Work Data

Basic Information

A Game of Croquet
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert unten links: Manet
Work Catalogues
  • Rouart/Wildenstein 1975, Nr. 211

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Eigentum des Städelschen Museums-Vereins e.V.
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1912, property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.

Work Content


  • 43C4144(+1) croquet (+ sportsman, player, etc.)
  • 61BB2(MEUREND, Victorine)21 historical person (MEUREND, Victorine) - BB - woman - scene directly related with life or life-story (MEUREND, Victorine)
  • 61BB2(LECOUVÉ, Alice)21 historical person (LECOUVÉ, Alice) - BB - woman - scene directly related with life or life-story (LECOUVÉ, Alice)
  • 61B2(STEVENS, Alfred)21 historical person (STEVENS, Alfred) - scene directly related with life or life-story (STEVENS, Alfred)
  • 61B2(ROUDIER, Paul)21 historical person (ROUDIER, Paul) - scene directly related with life or life-story (ROUDIER, Paul)
  • 41A6 garden
  • 61E(PARIS) names of cities and villages (PARIS)

Research and Discussion

Conservation and Restoration

Art-technology findings and/or documentation regarding conservation and restoration are available for this work. If interested, please contact .

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