The anonymous painter was first named "Master of the Turin Crucifixion" in 1921 by Martin Conway after a crucifixion triptych in the Galleria Sabauda in Turin. He had already been associated with the Leiden painters Cornells Engebrechtsz. and Hughe Jacobsz. on an experimental basis, but had also been described as an independent artist personality from the Engebrechtsz. area. However, the equation with the young "Master of Khanenko Worship" was also considered.
The identity of the "Master of the Turin Crucifixion" is just as controversial today as the delimitation of his entire oeuvre. In addition to the processing of designs from the Van der Goes Circle and prints by the young Lucas van Leyden, his works, which were probably created mainly in the second decade of the 16th century, also show the influence of the Antwerp mannerists and Dutch painters such as the "Master of Delft".