Painter, sculptor (male), commercial artist (male), architect (male), furniture designer, furniture artist, art critic (male), museum founder and essayist
Donald Clarence Judd was born in Excelsior Springs, Missouri, in 1928. Between 1949 and 1962 he studied art, philosophy and art history at various colleges in New York and in Williamsburg, Virginia. From 1959 to 1965 he served as an art critic for Arts Magazine. After receiving his master’s degree in 1962 Judd began teaching at Brooklyn’s Institute of Arts and Sciences, and it was at this time that he began working as an artist himself. Judd’s works, inspired by his philosophical and art theoretical studies, marked the beginning of Minimal Art. In them the boundaries between painting, sculpture and space became increasingly blurred. Judd was given his first retrospective as early as 1968 at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, and countless solo shows and other retrospectives followed. Judd died in New York in 1994.