Windmühle, Lyonel Feininger
Lyonel Feininger
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Lyonel Feininger

Windmühle, 1919

Aus der Jahresgabe der Verbindung zur Förderung deutscher Kunst

407 x 525 mm
255 x 305 mm
Physical Description
Woodcut in black on Japanese laid paper
Inventory Number
Object Number
67995 D
Acquired in 2019 as a bequest from Ulrike Crespo from the Karl Ströher Collection
Can be presented in the study room of the Graphische Sammlung (special opening hours)


About the Work

In this woodcut of 1919, the windmill at the centre divides the sky into two zones: a dense black contrasts with generously cut-away expanses of white—to the left a deep darkness relieved by only a few slivers of light, to the right the sunshine borne forth in all directions by concentric lines. Feininger had already observed this fleeting light phenomenon in Swinemünde on the Baltic Sea back in 1911 and captured it in a drawing (private holdings). It made such a lasting impression on him that he returned to the motif repeatedly in different mediums.

About the Acquisition

The Städel Museum has the photographer, psychotherapist, philanthropist, and long-time Frankfurt resident Ulrike Crespo (1950–2019) to thank for more than ninety works ranging from classical modernism to American pop art. The paintings, drawings, and prints by Wassily Kandinsky, Otto Dix, Oskar Schlemmer, Max Ernst, Jean Dubuffet, Cy Twombly, and others originally belonged to the holdings of her grandfather, the Darmstadt-based industrialist Karl Ströher (1890–1977), who amassed an extensive art collection after World War II.

Work Data

Basic Information

Windmühle (Original Title)
Aus der Jahresgabe der Verbindung zur Förderung deutscher Kunst
Title Translation
From the annual portfolio of the Alliance for the Advancement of German Art (Verbindung zur Förderung deutscher Kunst)
Eines von 80 Ex.
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Woodcut in black on Japanese laid paper
Geographic Reference
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert unterhalb der Darstellung links (mit Bleistift): Lyonel Feininger; betitelt unterhalb der Darstellung rechts: Windmühle
Gestempelt unten links: Verbindung zur Förderung deutscher Kunst / Vormals Verbindung für historische Kunst
  • Nicht vorhanden
Work Catalogues
  • Prasse W 187
  • Feininger F. 1967

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
© VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2024
Acquired in 2019 as a bequest from Ulrike Crespo from the Karl Ströher Collection

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif


  • 41A1 civic architecture; edifices; dwellings
  • 24A sun as celestial body

Research and Discussion


Object History
Karl Ströher (1890-1977), Darmstadt
Nachlass Karl Ströher, 1977
an seine Enkelin Ulrike Crespo (1950-2019), Frankfurt am Main
Vermächtnis an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 2019.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.

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