Vaudeville Theater (English Dancing Couple), Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Vaudeville Theater (English Dancing Couple)
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Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Vaudeville Theater (English Dancing Couple), ca. 1909 (1926)

151.0 x 120.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1984 as a gift from the Carl Hagemann heirs
On display, 1st upper level, Modern Art


About the Work

In scenes from the demimonde of the music halls, Kirchner shows dancers time and again – solo, couples or in a group. Eroticism and movement play a key role in these representations. Here, the dancer is spinning his partner around so fast that her skirt lifts to reveal her flouncy underwear – and he is not the only one to gaze at her voluptuous cleavage. Kirchner painted this work in Dresden. When he reworked it in the 1920s, he also backdated the canvas to 1907.

About the Acquisition

The important collection of Expressionist art owned by the chemist Carl Hagemann (1867-1940) was formed from the beginning of the twentieth century in close exchange with the artists - even during the period when they were being vilified by the National Socialists. After Hagemann's death in 1940, his collection was secretly evacuated together with the Städel's own collection to protect it from war damage. In gratitude for this hazardous but successful effort, Hagemann's heirs donated over 1000 prints and drawings to the Städel in 1948. Further generous donations were made over the course of several decades.

Work Data

Basic Information

Vaudeville Theater (English Dancing Couple)
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert unten rechts: E. L. Kirchner 07
Signiert verso: E L Kirchner Variété 1907

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
© Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Foto: U. Edelmann
Acquired in 1984 as a gift from the Carl Hagemann heirs

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif


  • 48C865 vaudeville, variety-show
  • 43C92 one pair dancing; man and woman dancing as a couple
  • 31A25432 leading someone by the hand or wrist
  • 41D242 party clothes, festive attire

Research and Discussion


Object History
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Carl Hagemann (1906-1940), Frankfurt, 1933
Nachlass Carl Hagemann, 1940
Depositum im Städel Museum, Frankfurt, 1941
Schenkung an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 1984.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

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Conservation and Restoration

Art-technology findings and/or documentation regarding conservation and restoration are available for this work. If interested, please contact .

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