Transylvanian-Saxon Farmwoman from Lechnitz, Hans Retzlaff
Hans Retzlaff
Transylvanian-Saxon Farmwoman from Lechnitz
DE
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Hans Retzlaff

Transylvanian-Saxon Farmwoman from Lechnitz, ca. 1935


Blatt
23.5 x 17.7 cm
Physical Description
Silver Gelatin Print on baryta paper
Inventory Number
St.F.2308
Acquisition
Ancient holdings. Acquired in the 20th century
Status
Not on display

Texts

About the Work

“How much fantasy lives on, gay and unrestrained, in these costumes. The sober grey city attire has not yet trampled all”, the art critic Max Osborn wrote in the Vossische Zeitung in 1932. He was referring to the photographs by Hans Retzlaff on display in the Berlin State Art Library. As a reaction to rural exodus and urbanization in the Weimar Republic, “agrarian romanticism” was on the rise. The return to old values went hand in hand with the glorification of the peasant way of life. Following the National Socialist accession to power in 1933, a “blood-and-soil” ideology aiming for a community of common racial descent took hold. The increasingly severe ostracization and persecution of Jews forced more and more people to flee, among them Max Osborn. The photographs by Hans Retzlaff corresponded to the National Socialist ideology of nation and race and served the purposes of “political education”. In ever-similar photo sequences, Retzlaff captured young and old dressed in traditional costumes and performing folk dances or, as here, in emphatically close-up shots. These groups also included persons belonging to German minorities outside what were then Germany’s borders. Transylvanian Saxons, for example, lived and live in a region that belonged and today still belongs to Romania. The National Socialists had set their sights on these areas in their efforts towards territorial expansion. With his photographs, Retzlaff propagated a German national consciousness.

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
Transylvanian-Saxon Farmwoman from Lechnitz
Photographer
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Silver Gelatin Print on baryta paper
Material
Technique
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Bezeichnet verso oben links auf dem Trägerkarton: Stempel: Hans Retzlaff; Bildberichterstatter R.D.P. 11911; Berlin-Charlottenburg 5; Hebbelstraße 2; Tel. C O Fraunhofer 1798, Postscheckkonto: Berlin 159844; Bankkonto: Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft; Dep.-Kasse R 2, Berlin-Charlottenburg 4, Bismarckstr. 68
Bezeichnet verso Mitte auf dem Trägerkarton: Stempel: Originalaufnahme; Hans Retzlaff; Berlin-Charlottenburg; Alle Rechte vorbehalten!;Wiedergabe nur mit Namensnen-; nung gestattet. Jede Vervielfä-; tigung oder unbefugte Nachbildung; ohne Wissen des Urhebers wird; gesetzlich verfolgt.; (Kunsturhebergesetz v. 9. Jan.1907.); Um Verwechslungen zu; vermeiden, bitte den vollen, Namen Hans Retzlaff,;Berlin anzugeben.
Bezeichnet verso unten Mitte auf dem Trägerkarton: Druckschrift: Siebenbürgisch-sächsische Bäuerin aus Lechnitz
Bezeichnet verso unten mitte auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: links unten
Captions Added Later
Bezeichnet verso oben rechts auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: 430; V; (2x); 5e; 2 1/4
Bezeichnet verso Mitte links auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: 430
Bezeichnet verso Mitte rechts auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: 1540236
Bezeichnet verso unten rechts auf dem Trägerkarton: Handschriftlich: St.F.2308

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Departement
Collection
Creditline
Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
© Hans Retzlaff
Acquisition
Ancient holdings. Acquired in the 20th century

Work Content

Motifs and References

Genre
Main Motif

Iconclass

Primary
  • 61B11(+513) anonymous historical person portrayed (+ profile portrait)
  • 31D15 adult woman
  • 41D3 folk costume, regional costume
Secondary

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Last update

19.02.2024