Three Horses in a Hilly Landscape, Franz Marc
Franz Marc
Three Horses in a Hilly Landscape
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Franz Marc

Three Horses in a Hilly Landscape, 1910 – 1911

112 x 179 mm
Physical Description
Graphite, partially washed, on laid paper (from a sketchbook)
Inventory Number
Object Number
17902 Z
Acquired in 2019 as a bequest from Ulrike Crespo from the Karl Ströher Collection
Can be presented in the study room of the Graphische Sammlung (special opening hours)


About the Work

This atmospheric drawing is from one of Marc’s sketchbooks. With a confident hand, the artist has depicted three horses from the back. A discreet wash lends their coats a natural-looking sheen. The curves of their bodies echo the hilly landscape alluded to in the background with fine lines and wide strokes: animal and nature clearly coexist here in peaceful harmony. From around 1910 onwards, animals were the key vehicle of expression for the oneness with nature Marc longed for.

About the Acquisition

The Städel Museum has the photographer, psychotherapist, philanthropist, and long-time Frankfurt resident Ulrike Crespo (1950–2019) to thank for more than ninety works ranging from classical modernism to American pop art. The paintings, drawings, and prints by Wassily Kandinsky, Otto Dix, Oskar Schlemmer, Max Ernst, Jean Dubuffet, Cy Twombly, and others originally belonged to the holdings of her grandfather, the Darmstadt-based industrialist Karl Ströher (1890–1977), who amassed an extensive art collection after World War II.

Work Data

Basic Information

Three Horses in a Hilly Landscape
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Graphite, partially washed, on laid paper (from a sketchbook)
Geographic Reference
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Nicht bezeichnet
Captions Added Later
Nummeriert unten links (mit Bleistift): 17 [um 90 Grad gedreht]
Verso bezeichnet oben links (mit Bleistift): XXIII
  • Nicht vorhanden
Work Catalogues
  • Hoberg/Jansen S. 194

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 2019 as a bequest from Ulrike Crespo from the Karl Ströher Collection

Work Content

Motifs and References

Main Motif
Associated Persons and Institutions



Research and Discussion


Object History
Franz Marc (1880-1916)
an seine Witwe Maria Marc (1876-1955), Ried, 1916
Galerie Hella Nebelung, Düsseldorf
Verst. Kunstkabinett R. N. Ketterer, Stuttgart (31. Auktion) an Karl Ströher (1890-1977), Darmstadt, 20.-21. Mai 1958 (Los-Nr. 689)
Nachlass Karl Ströher, 1977
an seine Enkelin Ulrike Crespo (1950-2019), Frankfurt am Main
Vermächtnis an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 2019.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

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  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
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  • the date on which it changed hands

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