“Do you hear the noise of my paintings?” – Max Beckmann asked his wife in a letter. Defying all logical spatial order, various objects – most of them grouped in pairs – crowd and interlock with one another. Two large saxophones trigger associations of loud music. There is something creepy about the doll being squashed by a horn and the view into pitch blackness. The painting is dedicated to jazz, a music style the artist adored. The saxophone on the left bears the name of a Frankfurt jazz club, ‘Bar African’, while the words on the other, ‘On New York’, allude to the roots of these rhythms.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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