'Melancholy Girl' was the name Kirchner gave to this sculpture carved from Swiss pine, which he first presented to the public at the Galerie Schames in Frankfurt. In a state of collapse and with reddened eyes, the woman demonstratively presents her feminine charms. Kirchner has combined in the figure the appearance of his two most important partners: the body recalls that of Doris Große, his friend during his time in Dresden, while the head is that of Erna Schilling, his companion in later years. With its smooth surface and carefully coloured setting, the sculpture remains unique in Kirchner's sculptural works.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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