The works of the German portrait painter Franz Xaver Winterhalter were highly popular among the European aristocracy. This portrait of the 23-year-old Olga von Grunelius was commissioned in 1872 by her husband, the Frankfurt banker Moritz Eduard Grunelius. In the following year, the so-called “Painter of Princes” died in the city on the banks of the Main River, whereupon Queen Victoria noted: “In the future, however, his works will compete with those of van Dyck.” As a courtly portrait, this work is an exception within the holdings of the Städel Museum, which are predominantly characterized by bourgeois art, and thus largely eludes integration into the permanent collection.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
If you have any questions or suggestions, please contact the museum at .