The family emigrated to America under the name of "Löwenstein" and returned as millionaires named Livingston in 1870. They moved into a villa on Bockenheimer Chaussee in Frankfurt and owned the still existing remise at the corner of Ulmenstraße and Kettenhofweg. The daughter Fanny Livingston was born in Louisville (USA) in 1853. After the family's return to Germany, Fanny married Dr. Salomon Herxheimer, a medical officer specialised in skin and venereal diseases. When he died in 1899, she founded the Sanitätsrat Dr. Salomon Herxheimersche Foundation for the free treatment of needy skin patients. Fanny died in Frankfurt in 1922 and, like her sister Rose Livingston, left her picture collection to the Städel.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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