Night Moon; Accordion Player by Moonlight, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Night Moon; Accordion Player by Moonlight
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Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Night Moon; Accordion Player by Moonlight, 1924

151.0 x 200.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
Acquired in 1960 as a gift from Fritz Hagemann; formerly Carl Hagemann Collection
Not on display


About the Work

From the turn of the century onwards, chemist Carl Hagemann (1867–1940) began to collect Expressionist art, all the while communicating with the artists – even as they were being defamed by the National Socialists – and thus amassed an important collection. After his death, his collection was secretly removed into storage to escape the war, together with the Städel’s own collection. Out of gratitude for this hazardous but successful intervention, Hagemann’s heirs donated 935 works on paper to the Städel in the 1940s. Further donations followed in the decades that followed.

About the Acquisition

From 1900 onwards, the Frankfurt chemist and industrialist Carl Hagemann (1867‒1940) assembled one of the most important private collections of modern art. It included numerous paintings, drawings, watercolours and prints, especially by members of the artist group “Die Brücke”. After Carl Hagemann died in an accident during the Second World War, the then Städel director Ernst Holzinger arranged for Hagemann’s heirs to evacuate his collection with the museum’s collection. In gratitude, the family donated almost all of the works on paper to the Städel Museum in 1948. Further donations and permanent loans as well as purchases of paintings and watercolours from the Hagemann estate helped to compensate for the losses the museum had suffered in 1937 as part of the Nazi’s “Degenerate Art” campaign. Today, the Hagemann Collection forms the core of the Städel museum’s Expressionist collection.

Audio & Video

  • Basic information
  • Focus on art history
  • KunstIStück – Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: Mondnacht
    Sammlungshighlights des Städel Museums in unterhaltsamen und informativen Filmen – das sind die Kunst|Stücke. Entdecken Sie spannende Details zu Kunstwerken aus ungewöhnlichen Blickwinkeln in unter zwei Minuten. KunstIStück – Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: Mondnacht; Handorgler in Mondnacht, 1924, Städel Museum Frankfurt am Main

Work Data

Basic Information

Night Moon; Accordion Player by Moonlight
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Work Catalogues
  • Gordon 762

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1960 as a gift from Fritz Hagemann; formerly Carl Hagemann Collection

Work Content

Motifs and References


  • 23R141 night ~ landscape (sometimes titled 'Nox')
  • 31D15 adult woman
  • 31D15(+72) adult woman (+ two persons)
  • 31A2351(+3) sitting on the ground (+ sideview, profile)
  • 31AA233(+3) kneeling figure - AA - female human figure (+ sideview, profile)
  • 31D14 adult man
  • 31A235 sitting figure
  • 48CC7523 one person playing keyboard instrument - CC - out of doors

Research and Discussion


Object History
Galerie Ludwig Schames (Manfred Schames), Frankfurt
verkauft an Carl Hagemann (1867-1940), Frankfurt, 1926
Nachlass Carl Hagemann, 1940
Depositum im Städel Museum, Frankfurt, 1941
Schenkung Fritz Hagemann an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 1960.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.

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