Längmatte bei Monduntergang, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Längmatte bei Monduntergang
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Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Längmatte bei Monduntergang, 1919

367 x 323 mm
295 x 295 mm
Physical Description
Colour woodcut, possibly from four printing blocks sawn in pieces, on wove paper
Inventory Number
Object Number
65619 D
Acquired in 1948 as a donation from the heirs of the Carl Hagemann estate
Can be presented in the study room of the Graphische Sammlung (special opening hours)


About the Work

„Winter Moon Night” has its origins in what the artist referred to as a “madly beautiful” experience of nature. In extravagant colours it shows the view from his window – across the Längmatte, with the Altein massif on one side and the Tinzenhorn in the background. Kirchner printed this woodcut from several blocks, each inked in a different colour, which he placed precisely next to and on top of one another in such a way that the colours overlap. Earlier that year, he had had his press, which weighed over 100 kilograms, brought from Berlin to his place of exile in Switzerland.

About the Acquisition

From 1900 onwards, the Frankfurt chemist and industrialist Carl Hagemann (1867‒1940) assembled one of the most important private collections of modern art. It included numerous paintings, drawings, watercolours and prints, especially by members of the artist group “Die Brücke”. After Carl Hagemann died in an accident during the Second World War, the then Städel director Ernst Holzinger arranged for Hagemann’s heirs to evacuate his collection with the museum’s collection. In gratitude, the family donated almost all of the works on paper to the Städel Museum in 1948. Further donations and permanent loans as well as purchases of paintings and watercolours from the Hagemann estate helped to compensate for the losses the museum had suffered in 1937 as part of the Nazi’s “Degenerate Art” campaign. Today, the Hagemann Collection forms the core of the Städel museum’s Expressionist collection.

Work Data

Basic Information

Längmatte bei Monduntergang (Original Title)
Title Translation
Längmatte at Moonset (Winter Moon Night)
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Colour woodcut, possibly from four printing blocks sawn in pieces, on wove paper
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert unterhalb der Darstellung rechts: E L Kirchner; bezeichnet unterhalb der Darstellung links: Farbendruck Eigendruck; betitelt unterhalb der Darstellung mittig: Längmatte bei Monduntergang
Captions Added Later
Bezeichnet unten rechts (mit Bleistift): 1098.
Verso Stempel des Städelschen Kunstinstituts, Frankfurt am Main (Lugt 2356), mit zugehöriger Inventarnummer
  • Nicht vorhanden
Work Catalogues
  • Gercken 958 2
  • Dube H. 390 4
  • Schiefler H. 360

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1948 as a donation from the heirs of the Carl Hagemann estate

Work Content


  • 23F41 winter landscape; landscape symbolizing winter (the four seasons of the year)
  • 23R141 night ~ landscape (sometimes titled 'Nox')
  • 26D1 snow
  • 25H111 mountain-range, snow peaks
  • 24B2 full moon
  • 26A clouds
  • 25G3 trees
  • 61E(DAVOS) names of cities and villages (DAVOS)
  • 61F(STAFELALP (Davos)) names of historical buildings, sites, streets, etc. (STAFELALP (Davos))
  • 61D(TINZENHORN) geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (TINZENHORN) (TINZENHORN)
  • 61D(SWITZERLAND) geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (SWITZERLAND) (SWITZERLAND)
  • 61F(LÄNGMATTE) names of historical buildings, sites, streets, etc. (LÄNGMATTE)
  • 61D(ALTEIN) geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (ALTEIN) (ALTEIN)
  • 26D frost, freezing weather

Research and Discussion


Object History
[Erna Kirchner, Davos]
an Carl Hagemann (1867-1940), Frankfurt am Main, [um 1939]
Nachlass Carl Hagemann, Frankfurt am Main, 1940
Schenkung der Erben an das Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, 1948.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.

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