Ice on the River, Max Beckmann
Max Beckmann
Ice on the River
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Zu dem Gemälde existiert eine Kaltnadelradierung, die im darauffolgenden Jahr bei Paul Cassirer in Berlin erschien.

Max Beckmann

Ice on the River, 1923


Dimensions
47.5 x 59.5 cm
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Inventory Number
2169
Acquisition
Acquired in 1994 with means provided by the Kulturstiftung der Länder, the Marga und Kurt Möllgaard-Stiftung and other donors. Property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V. and the Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
Status
On display

Texts

About the Work

Beckmann created a series of city views during his time in Frankfurt. This one takes as its subject the characteristic panorama of the River Main. On a quiet winter's morning, with the crescent moon still visible in the sky, we gaze upriver from the Untermain Bridge towards the old city with the Cathedral of St Bartholomew, the Eiserner Steg and, on the right, the river bank on the Sachsenhausen side. The view lacks topographical precision: what Beckmann paints is the historical form of the tower as it appeared before the major fire at the cathedral in 1867. He focuses all his attention on the river, which lies between the two banks like a dark band. Drifting on the water are huge floes of ice.

About the Donation

This painting was purchased in 1994 for the Museums-Verein with funds from the Kulturstiftung der Länder, the Marga und Kurt Möllgaard-Stiftung founded in 1987, and a large number of private donors. Beckmann’s famous Frankfurt motif was exhibited in 1924 at the Frankfurter Kunstverein. At the time, the journalist Benno Reifenberg wrote: “The ice floes glide down the dark river. Like strange broad-backed, sharp-snouted fish. They gush forth from the curve in the Main. Silently they pass the town, a mighty thrust from afar.”

Audio

  • 01:12
    Basic information
  • 01:40
    Focus on Frankfurt

Work Data

Basic Information

Title
Ice on the River
Painter
Production Place
Period Produced
School
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on canvas
Material
Technique
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert und datiert unten links: Beckmann F. 23

Property and Acquisition

Institution
Administration
Collection
Picture Copyright
© VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019, Foto: U. Edelmann
Acquisition
Acquired in 1994 with means provided by the Kulturstiftung der Länder, the Marga und Kurt Möllgaard-Stiftung and other donors. Property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V. and the Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

Work Content

Iconclass

Primary
Secondary

Research and Discussion

Provenance

Object History
Verkauf durch Zinglers Kabinett für Kunst- und Bücherfreunde, Frankfurt an Fritz Neuberger (1877-1943), Frankfurt, vor 1928
Privatsammlung, seit mind. 1952
Verkauf durch Hanna Bekker vom Rath, Frankfurt an Alfred Mieth, Wiesbaden
Nachlass Alfred Mieth, Wiesbaden
Verkauf an den Städelschen Museums-Verein, Frankfurt, 1994
Vereinbarung des Städelschen Museums-Vereins im Sinne der "Washingtoner Prinzipien" und der "Gemeinsamen Erklärung" mit den Erben nach Fritz Neuberger, 2017 (Eigentum des Städelschen Museums-Vereins e.V. sowie der Bundesrepublik Deutschland).

Information

Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.

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Last import

31.01.2019