Deer in Japanese Landscape, Jean Bloé Niestlé
Jean Bloé Niestlé
Deer in Japanese Landscape
Back to top

Jean Bloé Niestlé

Deer in Japanese Landscape, 1918

51.3 x 62.0 cm
Physical Description
Oil on nettle
Inventory Number
SG 408
Acquired in 1926
Not on display


About the Work

Until 1916, the Swiss Jean Bloé Niestlé painted naturalistic depictions of animals – despite his close ties to the Expressionist “Blaue Reiter” artists. After his friend Franz Marc’s death, he fundamentally changed his style: like Marc, he now depicted deer, for example, simplified and lying on the ground. They are embedded in what he himself called a “Japanese landscape”. The vegetation and geology are made up of simple colour fields and clearly contoured areas. Niestlé also drew inspiration from Japanese woodblock prints and Bavarian reverse glass painting, which were also models for the artists of the “Blaue Reiter”.

About the Acquisition

Pauline Kowarzik (née Fellner; 1852–1930) grew up in Frankfurt and received private painting and drawing lessons at a young age. In 1896, she married the Viennese sculptor and medallist Josef Kowarzik (1860–1911), who taught sculpture at the Städelschule. Together, they were very active participants of Frankfurt’s art life and closely associated with the Städel Art Institute. Due to her notable knowledge of modern art, Pauline Kowarzik was the first woman to be appointed as a member with advisory capacity in the acquisition committee of the Städtische Galerie in 1916. Kowarzik herself owned a significant collection with modern art works. When the inflation in 1926 got her into financial trouble, Pauline Kowarzik sold her private collection to the Städel for a monthly life annuity. In 1937, 18 of the 34 works were removed from the museum as part of the “Degenerate Art” confiscation operation. Nowadays, they are either lost or in other museums all over Europe. Heckel’s "Landscape in Holstein" was the only one of these works that the Städel was able to buy back.

Work Data

Basic Information

Deer in Japanese Landscape
Period Produced
Object Type
Physical Description
Oil on nettle
Label at the Time of Manufacture
Signiert und datiert unten links: J. B. N. 18
Work Catalogues
  • Providoli 1997, Nr. 99

Property and Acquisition

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Picture Copyright
Public Domain
Acquired in 1926

Work Content

Motifs and References


  • 0 Abstract, Non-representational Art
  • 25H landscapes
  • 25F24(DEER) hoofed animals: deer
  • 31B13 sleeping on the ground
  • 25H113 (high) hill

Research and Discussion


Object History
... Pauline Kowarzik (1852-1929), Frankfurt am Main
Verkauf an die Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt am Main, 1926.


Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.

The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.

Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:

  • the type of acquisition and/or the way the object changed hands
  • the owner's name and place of residence
  • the date on which it changed hands

The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.

Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.

If you have any questions or suggestions, please contact the museum at .

More to discover


Do you have any suggestions, questions or information about this work?

Last update