Colour interested Emil Schumacher above all as tangible matter. For his "Composition" of 1958, the artist began by applying first black and then white oil paint to a sheet of cardboard torn into an irregular shape; then he added accents in brown and grey. Next he used a sharp object to make deep incisions in the paint, exposing the layer of black underneath, and in some places also the light-hued surface of the cardboard. These ‘injuries’ make the various qualities of the paint visible: the pastose consistency of the jet-black oil paint and the brittle, fine-grained materiality of the greyish-beige layer on top of it.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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