This painting by Henri-Edmond Cross is composed of countless dots. Only in the eyes of the viewer do these pure colours fuse to form a sun-filled garden, the setting for a relaxed scene. Here, Cross was probably painting the park and grounds surrounding his house in Saint-Clair, in southern France. In June 1904 Cross wrote to a friend that he was painting a picture in the garden and described the gradations of colour which contribute to the charm of the overall harmony and which it would be impossible to invent. Unlike the approach in Impressionist painting, however, this does not apply to the reproduction of an atmospheric lighting effect. Here, the artist makes use of the artistic principles of Neo-Impressionism developed by Georges Seurat and based on scientific theories on colour perception. The objects were accordingly dismantled into a rigid grid of coloured dots which frequently made the colourful works look rather stiff.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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Art-technology findings and/or documentation regarding conservation and restoration are available for this work. If interested, please contact .