In the summer of 1935, Ernst Wilhelm Nay withdrew to the little village of Vietzkerstrand on the coast of the Baltic Sea in Pomerania. There he resumed a series of works depicting dunes and fishermen he had begun a year earlier. This drawing is an example; in it, he has depicted the fishermen as stylized, two-dimensional figures consisting merely of contours without interior detail. Simple overlapping curves form the waves of the sea. In 1958, he recalled the pathbreaking character of the workgroup: “In those pictures […], the complex of primal forms in conjunction with rhythm and dynamic turned up that would become the true formal theme of my art as a whole.” 
 Ernst Wilhelm Nay: Aufzeichnungen, 1958, in: E. W. Nay. Retrospektive / A Retrospective, Ausst.-Kat., Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle Köln 1990/91, Kunsthalle Basel 1991, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art Edinburgh 1991,
Köln 1990, S. 25–38, hier S. 29.
Since 2001, the Städel Museum has systematically been researching the provenance of all objects that were acquired during the National Socialist period, or that changed owners or could have changed owners during those years. The basis for this research is the “Washington Declaration”, also known as the “Washington Conference Principles”, formulated at the 1998 “Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets” and the subsequent “Joint Declaration”.
The provenance information is based on the sources researched at the time they were published digitally. However, this information can change at any time when new sources are discovered. Provenance research is therefore a continuous process and one that is updated at regular intervals.
Ideally, the provenance information documents an object’s origins from the time it was created until the date when it found its way into the collection. It contains the following details, provided they are known:
The successive ownership records are separated from each other by a semicolon.
Gaps in the record of a provenance are indicated by the placeholder “…”. Unsupported information is listed in square brackets.
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